ریشه های تاریخی شکل گیری انقلاب فرهنگی مبتنی بر علوم انسانی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکترای سیاستگذاری فرهنگی، پژوهشکدۀ مطالعات فرهنگی و اجتماعی

2 دانشیار انسان‌شناسی پژوهشگاه علوم‌انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی

10.22084/rjir.2019.17732.2573

چکیده

هدف: انقلاب فرهنگی در 1359عملیاتی شد و دانشگاه­ها را به تعطیلی کشاند. این انقلاب به دلیل مقابله با رویکردهای غربی که از مجرای علوم انسانی وارد دانشگاه­ها شده بودند به وقوع پیوست. در واقع با وقوع انقلاب فرهنگی این پرسش مطرح می­شود که چگونه مبنا و منشأ تاریخی مخالفت با علوم انسانی شکل گرفت و  منتهی به انقلاب فرهنگی(1359) شد؟ 
روش شناسی پژوهش: این پژوهش با استفاده از پارادایم پژوهش کیفی و روش پژوهش تحلیلِ تبارشناسانه می­­باشد و شیوه‌ی گردآوری داده­ها اسنادی است.
یافته­ها: یافته­های پژوهش بیانگر آن است که منشأ انقلاب فرهنگی در کودتای 28 مرداد 1332 است که فرایند طبیعی تاریخ ایران مبدّل به پروژه­ای ساختگی، تحمیلی و تصنعی شد و نقطه صفر زمانی(آغاز) در وقوع انقلاب فرهنگی، 16 آذر 1332 می­باشد که شکل بارز مقابله با غرب بود که از این تاریخ تا وقوع انقلاب فرهنگی، مقابله با هر تجلی و شکلی از غرب (از جمله علوم انسانی) تقویت و مستحکم شد.
نتیجه‌گیری: نتیجه­ای که از این پژوهش حاصل می­شود انقلاب فرهنگی اوج مقاومت در برابر تحمیل و جعل تاریخی بود که توسط غرب در کودتای 28 مرداد اعمال شد. همچنین نتایج بیانگر آن است که انقلاب فرهنگی صفحه‌ی جدیدی از تاریخ ایران نیست بلکه ادامه‌ی خطوط همان صفحه‌ای است که با 16 آذر رقم خورد و مقابله با هر گونه ورود غرب (محصولات غربی) بود.

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