عوامل زیربنایی تقویت کنش «انقلابی» در گفتمان اسلامی ؛ یک چارچوب مفهومی اولیه

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دکترای تخصصی علوم سیاسی، دانشگاه تهران

10.22084/rjir.2018.16272.2412

چکیده

هدف: علی‌رغم انعکاس فراوان مسئله‌ی «انقلابی» بودن و عمل کردن در گفتمان حاکم بر کشور ما، مبادی نظری این نوع مواجهه با مسائل اجتماعی- سیاسی هنوز از آموزه­ های دینی و اسلامی در حد اندکی استخراج شده است. مقاله حاضر به دنبال چارچوب­ بندی مفهومی بعضی عوامل مبنایی- تربیتی کنش انقلابی در انسان‌ها بر اساس این آموزه­ ها می‌باشد، در قالبی تطبیقی با مفاهیم علوم انسانی و اجتماعی مدرن.
روش‌شناسی پژوهش: روش مقاله متکی بر تأمل اجتهادی و تفسیری نگارنده بر روی گفتمان اسلامی و در قالب عناصر تحلیل گفتمان به حساب می ­آید، به شیوه ­ای تطبیقی با چهارچوبی از دوگانه­ های مفهومی مستخرج از گفتمان­ های موجود حول معنای کنش انقلابی؛ و در ضمن استناد به مدارکی اجمالی از منابع دست اول اسلامی و اندیشه متفکرین.
یافته­ ها: چارچوب مفهومی عوامل تقویت­ کننده‌ی شخصیت و کنش انقلابی در گفتمان اسلامی از منظر استنباطی مقاله شامل موارد ذیل می­ شود: «ضدیت» بنیادین و شدید دین با برخی امور و جماعات انسانی، ارتقای «جمع‌گرایی» و مسئولیت ­مندی اجتماعی انسان، ارتقای «آرمان ­گرایی» غیرمادی و فرادنیایی او، تقویت «عمل‌گرایی» و اراده‌ی انسانی، تقویت نگاه «انسان ­مدار» و خدامحور برای رقم زدن تحولات اجتماعی، افزایش «استقلال» متدینین از عرف­ ها و زمینه ­های منفی و انفعالی اجتماعی، «سیاست ­گرایی» دین و توجه زیاد به قدرت و ولایت سیاسی- اجتماعی.
نتیجه‌گیری: عوامل مذکور، در مکاتب تربیتی- انقلابی دیگر مرسوم در جهان و یا معنویت­ های غیر اسلامی، مفقود یا کم رنگ­ می­ باشند. 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

basical factors improving "revolutionry" action in the Islamic discourse ; a primary concept framework

نویسنده [English]

  • rahim kazerouni
tehran university
چکیده [English]

While much reflected being revolutionary and revolutional acting in the Iranian ruling discourse, however its theoretical bases and potentials in respect to socio-political issues are low deducted from our religious teachings. The subject of this article is framing some of basic & cultural parameters of man revolutionary action, based on religious & Islamic teachings. The article in method is deductive and Interpretative, mostly uses parameters of discourse analysis; in form of a framework of concept dichotomies around meaning of revolutionary action, by analysis of revolutionary-critical discourses of the modern West. Then in a comparative aspect, the religious & Islamic discourse is reinterpreted on the basis of given dichotomies, resulting in the subject perception. In this regard, schematic documentation follows, from Islamic first-handed authorities as well as thoughts of some contemporary revolutionary Iranian theorists. Concept framework of parameters improving revolutionary action and personality in the Islamic discourse from the article point-view includes: basic and intense “opposition” of religion to some human groups and phenomena like disbelief and oppression, improving human “collectivism” and social responsibility, improving spiritual, ultra-mundane “idealism”, improving human “activism” and free will, improving “humanistic” and God-centered vision in determining social trends, improving human “independence” of social passive customs and contexts, religion “politicism” and much attention to power and socio-political dominance (vilayah). These factors are missed or shortened in the other common revolutionary-cultural schools or non-Islamic spiritualties.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • revolutionary action
  • revolutionary personality
  • revolution
  • Islam
  • religion
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