عنوان مقاله [English]
نویسندگان [English]چکیده [English]
The present article tries to reconstruct and infer the theory of Islamic Revolution from Imam Khomeini’s thought as a supreme leader of Islamic Revolution. Considering that Imam has a unique personality and he was the constructor of theory and ideology of Islamic revolution, review of his Islamic Revolution theory, constructing its theoretical model, and in fact local theorizing of Islamic Revolution is very important and necessary. The method of this research is qualitative and of a documentary research kind and the data gathering technique is reading texts and taking notes. The main source of this article is Imam’s Sahifeh. Therefore attempts have been made to draw the theoretical model of revolution, by studying the Imam’s Sahifeh and other works related to the revolution issues in Imam’s thought. Research findings indicates that two categories of causal variables are identifiable in structural and actors levels: 1- Basic structures of society, including cultural, social and political, with changes that have taken place within them, have an influential impact on making popular uprisings. 2- moreover, in addition to structures, agent factors including leaders and especially masses have an influential role in the victory of the Islamic Revolution. In other word, structural causes including westernized cultural structure, authoritarian structure of state, and dependent economic structures, in conjuncture with agency causes like revolutionary leaders programs and popular participation, have an influential role on the victory of the revolution and the overthrow of the Shah's regime. Regarding that the purpose of the revolution theory in this article is a coherent set of causes, processes and procedures statements, thus the period that ends to 1977 is studied and the post revolutionary outcomes like state-building process can not be investigated.